FC2ブログ
2009-05-07(Thu)

ネット犯罪に関する国際法は?

 ネット犯罪に関する国際法は、まだまだ過渡期の模様。
 スウェーデンの21歳の青年が、シスコ・システムズやAmes Research Center にハッキングして、不正に侵入しても、身柄をアメリカに引き渡す法律は、今のところ成立していないとのことだ。
 悪い言い方をすれば、現在の法律の下では、スウェーデンからアメリカのシステムへは不正侵入し放題ということになる。
 国外へ出れば捕まるそうだが、ガブリエル(Philip Gabriel Pettersson)が、海外旅行でもしない限りアメリカには彼を捕まえる権限はない。これから法を制定しても、制定前に起きた事件には適用されない。
 早急なネット犯罪に対する法律の制定が望まれる。
サイトが消えるといけないので、一応下記に引用。
http://www.sci-tech-today.com/story.xhtml?story_id=012001C8L320

Swiss Hacker Indicted for Computer Break-Ins
By Frederick Lane
May 6, 2009 3:18PM


A Swiss hacker who goes by Stakkato has been indicted for illegal access and theft for computer break-ins at the Ames Research Center and Cisco Systems. But Philip Gabriel Pettersson may not be extradited to the U.S. Stakkato's intrusions are examples of a growing cybersecurity threat for the U.S. government and American corporations.

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A 21-year-old Swedish man named Philip Gabriel Pettersson, aka Stakkato, has been indicted by a federal grand jury in the Northern District of California on three counts of illegal intrusion and two counts of trade-secret theft, the U.S. Department of Justice announced Tuesday.
The indictment alleges that on two occasions, Pettersson unlawfully gained access to computers at the Ames Research Center and the NASA Advanced Supercomputing Division at Moffett Field, Calif. It also asserts that the defendant broke into the network of Cisco Systems of San Jose, Calif., and stole some Cisco Internetwork Operating System code.

Reports vary on what precisely Pettersson stole from Cisco, but according to the DOJ statement, the company does "not believe that any customer information, partner information, or financial systems were affected."

If convicted, Pettersson could face up to 10 years in prison, three years of supervised release, and a fine up to $250,000 on each charge. The prosecution is being handled by the DOJ's Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section. Officials were unavailable for comment.

Whereabouts Unknown

It's not clear, however, whether Stakkato will ever face a jury in the United States. Sweden rarely permits the extradition of its citizens to face foreign criminal charges, so Pettersson could avoid prosecution as long as he stays in his home country.

If he leaves Sweden, however, then U.S. authorities could arrest him and transport him to California for trial. Another possibility, although somewhat less likely, is that the U.S. charges could be used as the basis for a prosecution of Pettersson in the Swedish courts. The DOJ said "it will continue to work cooperatively with the Swedish authorities on the case."

This isn't Stakkato's first run-in with the law. Two years ago, he was convicted and fined $25,000 for invading the computer networks of three Swedish universities.

Cyber Headaches

The Stakkato intrusions are merely one example of a growing cybersecurity threat for the U.S. government and American corporations. In most cases, government officials say, the intrusions are the work of lone hackers testing their skills against the nation's networks.

However, there is growing concern that various nations -- most notably China and Russia -- are financing increasingly skilled teams of cyber warriors to launch coordinated attacks on sensitive networks. The security threat is heightened by the growing amount of U.S. infrastructure that is directly or indirectly tied into the World Wide Web.

Also hampering security efforts is the sheer carelessness with which sensitive data is handled. Just last month, for instance, detailed plans for Marine 1, the helicopter that carries the president of the United States, were accidentally shared across a peer-to-peer network when file-sharing software was installed on a supposedly secure computer.



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